“American history: comprising historical sketches of the [Indigenous] tribes”

“The [Mi’kmaq], first called by the French Souriqu’ois, held possession of Nova Scotia and the adjacent isles, and were early known as the active allies of the French. Marquis de la RocheIn 1598, the Marquis de la Roche, a French nobleman, received from the King of France a commission for founding a French colony in … Read more

“The history of Kings County, Nova Scotia, heart of the Acadian land”

“Until January, 1757, the Governor and Council ruled alone in Nova Scotia, at that time, after long debate, it was decided that a Representative Assembly should be created, and that there should be elected for the province at large, until counties should be formed, twelve members, besides four for the township of Halifax, two for … Read more

Dartmouth Shore, 1786

“Dartmouth Shore, N.S., 1786. From Anchorage off Naval Yard, Halifax, Looking Eastward. A general view of the town of Dartmouth as it appeared at this period, is here given. It is impossible, however, to identify most of the buildings, which were merely dwellings. Dartmouth was first settled in 1750. On 2nd March, 1786, the old … Read more

A Chart of Halifax Harbour, N.S. 1759

A particularly detailed early map of Dartmouth, showing blockhouses (three of them) surrounding the town plot which contains 16 buildings, 15 within the area picketed. These could represent individual buildings, or could be generally representative of built up areas near the shore. A road to Lawrencetown is noted, along with the Saw Mill at what … Read more

Local Government in Nova Scotia

Background:Although there were no parliamentary institutions of any kind in the area during the French regime, local government of one sort or another has existed in Nova Scotia from the founding of Port Royal in 1605. It began not with elected municipal councils, nor with incorporated towns and cities, not even with the Court of … Read more

Carte réduite des costes de l’Acadie

A (probably very) rough translation:

“The English took possession of Chibouctou on the 19th of August 1749 and named it Halifax.

It is one of the most beautiful ports in all parts of Acadia and England. It should provide great income, by the different advantages that it contains. It is located at 44 degrees 3 minutes latitude.”

This map is an inset from a broader map of Nova Scotia (Acadia), interestingly it shows the picketed part of Dartmouth as being near the bottom of what would be Old Ferry Road today, what appears to be the Eastern battery is seen further down the harbor, closer to Eastern Passage.

dartmouth map

“Carte réduite des costes de l’Acadie” 17?? (>1749) https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089777g

A Plan of National Colonization

plan of colonization

More time is spent describing Dartmouth here than in many other similar books of its kind, yet another instance of 1756 being given as the date of Dartmouth’s “destruction” at the hands of the Mi’kmaq. The timing of the attack, 1756, in regards to the delay of the institution of representative government at Halifax until … Read more

From Bridewell to Federal Penitentiary: Prisons and Punishment in Nova Scotia before 1880

“Prisons played a role in the system almost from the founding of Halifax. According to contemporary accounts the first British settlers in the town included numerous ‘vagabonds’ and assorted criminals. These were the remnants of the three thousand discharged soldiers and sailors, ‘the King’s bad bargains,’ introduced to the colony by Governor Cornwallis in 1749. … Read more

Plan de la baye et des ports de Chibouctou

dartmouth map

“F: Village Dartmouth ou monte un bivac de 60 homes “Bivac“: “Term borrowed from German. Extraordinary guard which is made at night in the open air for the safety of a camp, a detachment, a post. Sleep at the bivac.” Rough translation: Dartmouth village, a camp made up of 60 men. “Plan de la baye … Read more

Nova Scotia in 1862: papers relating to the two great exhibitions in London of that year

“List of Contributors: … P. McNab, Dartmouth – barley and oats.” “On the east side of the harbor is situated the town of Dartmouth, settled in 1750. The town is well situated, and is admirably adapted to the employment of ship-building. It is connected with the city by steamboats.” “Prior to 1719 (at which time … Read more

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