DARTMOUTH, Halifax County: This city is located on the east side of Halifax Harbour. A [Mi’kmaq] name was Boonamoogwaddy, “Tomcod ground.” The English name may have been given in honor of William Legge, Earl of Dartmouth, Colonial Secretary 1772-75, but it was probably named for the Devonshire port of Dartmouth. In August, 1750, the Alderney arrived in Halifax (Chebucto) Harbour with 353 settlers on board. On August 23 the Council resolved to settle them across the Harbour from Halifax. Before the end of 1750, a blockhouse and small military post had been built. In 1751 the settlers suffered from an [Indigenous] attack. After the American Revolution an oil factory was set up and operated by a Nantucket Whaling Company about 1785 to 1792. They built a meeting-house about …

Place Names and Places of Nova Scotia (in Dartmouth Township) Read More…

“The [Indigenous people] had appeared in the neighborhood of the town for several weeks, but intelligence had been received that they had commenced hostilities, by the capture of twenty persons at Canso… On the last day of September they made an attack on the sawmill at Dartmouth, then under the charge of Major Gilman. Six of his men had been sent out to cut wood without arms. The [Indigenous people] laid in ambush, killed four and carried off one, and the other escaped and gave the alarm, and a detachment of rangers was sent after the [Indigenous people], who having overtaken them, cut off the heads of two [Indigenous people] and scalped one. (This affair is mentioned in a letter from a gentleman in Halifax to Boston, dated …

History of Halifax City Read More…

“The following plan for regulating the municipal affairs of this Town, has been drawn up in the form of a Charter, as the clearest and best method to express the extent of the proposed improvements. The objects have been pointed out by a thorough investigation into the various modes of conducting the public business; which was entered into in consequence of a presentment made by the Grand Jury to the Court of Quarter Sessions in December Term of 1812. The Court having appointed six different investigating committees of the Magistrates to meet the various objects contemplated by the Grand Jury, their several reports combined, clearly prove the necessity of some reform” Halifax (N.S.). The Draft of a Charter, for the Incorporation of the Town of Halifax In the …

The draft of a charter, for the incorporation of the town of Halifax in the province of Nova-Scotia Read More…

“The said committees shall be appointed by the Magistrates, who shall likewise fill up all vacancies, and the said Committees shall within three days after due notice to them given, make an Alphabetical list of such persons resident within their respective Wards from eighteen years of age and upwards (not being House Servants, Daily Laborers, or People of Color) as they may conceive to be proper persons for watching and paroling or capable by their circumstances to find substitutes. (Clergymen only excepted.)” Halifax (N.S.). Rules And Regulations for the Establishment And Government of a Watch And Patrol In the Town of Halifax. Halifax [N.S.]: Printed by Edmund Ward …, 1818. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/aeu.ark:/13960/t22c0159r

“A human being as he comes originally from the hand of nature, is everywhere the same.” “…The Planter was now struck with shame, and confusion, when he recognized, in his kind protector the [Indigenous person] whom he so harshly treated. He confessed that he knew him, and was full of excuses for his brutal behavior; to which the [Indigenous person] only replied; when you see poor [Indigenous people] fainting for a cup of cold water, don’t say again, get you gone you [Indigenous] dog. The [Indigenous person] then wished him well on his journey, and left him.” It is not difficult to say which of these two had the best claim to the name of Christian.” Bromley, Walter. Mr. Bromley’s Second Address, On the Deplorable State of the …

On the Deplorable State of the [Indigenous People] Read More…

Parkyns, George Isham. “Halifax, Nova Scotia, from Dartmouth Point” 1817. Aquatint and etching, inked in greyish green and dark greyish yellowish brown, coloured with water colour, on wove paper. Laid down on cardboard. https://www.torontopubliclibrary.ca/detail.jsp?Entt=RDMDC-JRR2203&R=DC-JRR2203

“When Halifax was first settled, this side of the harbor was the home and hunting ground of the [Mi’kmaq people]. Soon after the settlement of Halifax, Major Gillman built a saw mill in Dartmouth Cove on the stream flowing from the Dartmouth lakes. On September 30th 1749, the [Indigenous people] attacked and killed four and captured one out of six unarmed men who were cutting wood near Gillman’s mill. In August 1750, the Alderney, of 504 tons, arrived at Halifax with 353 immigrants, a town was laid out on the eastern side of the harbor in the autumn, given the name of Dartmouth, and granted as the home of these new settlers. A guard house and military fort was established at what is still known as Blockhouse hill. …

The story of Christ Church, Dartmouth Read More…

“Since 1749 Nova Scotia has been governed by: General Hopson in 1752 Governor Lawrence in 1756 Rd. Monckson, Esq. Aug 17, 1757 Justice A. Belcher Oct. 1761 Gov. Wilmot, 1763, died 1766 Hon. Michael Franklin, Lieut.-Gov. 1766, continued two months Gov. Francis Legge 1773 Lieut-Gov. Arbuthnot 1776 Lieut.-Gov Richard Huhges 1778 Lieut.-Gov Sir And. Hammond 1781 John Parr, 1782, died 1791 Richard Bulkely, president and commander in chief, Nov. 26, to May 14 1791 Lieut.-Gov. Sir John Wentowrth, arrived Jan. and sworn, May 1792 Lieut.-Gov Sir G. Prevost, Jan 17 1808 Lieut.-Gov Sir J C. Sherbrooke, Aug 19 1811 Lieut.-Gov Earl Dalhousie “A Mr. Stokes was employed by the merchants of Milford in England, to persuade the Nantucket settlers to remove (to Milford in England): the offers were …

A brief description of Nova Scotia with plates of the principal harbors Read More…

“Esson v. Mayberry. Trinity Term, 1841. The grantee of a water lot, bounded on the shore, is entitled to take up to high-water mark; and that line of his grant changes with the gradual encroachment or retirement of the sea. …The plantiff derived his title to the land in question through several mesne conveyances, from Mrs. Jane Donaldson. She, it appears, was, in 1818, and previously thereto, in possession of lots Nos. 4, 5 and 6, in division letter W, in the town plot of Dartmouth” Thomson, James. “Law reports : containing decisions of the Bench of the Supreme Court in Nova-Scotia between the years 1834 and 1841” [Halifax, N.S.? : s.n.], 1853 (Halifax, N.S. : R. Nugent) https://www.canadiana.ca/view/oocihm.67192/1?r=0&s=1

1746-1799 Duc d’Anville arrived at Chebucto, 10 Sept 1746 Halifax founded, 21 June 1749 [Indigenous people] attacked 6 men at Maj. Gilman’s saw-mill, Dartmouth Cove, killing 4, 30 Sept 1749 Saw-mill let to Capt. Wm. Clapham, 1750 Alderney arrived from Europe with 353 settlers, Aug. 1750 Town of Dartmouth laid out for the Alderney emigrants, Autumn 1750 Order issued relative to guard at Dartmouth, 31 Dec. 1750 Sergeant and 10 or 12 men ordered to mount guard during the nights at the Blockhouse, Dartmouth, 23 Feb. 1751 [Indigenous people] attacked Dartmouth, killing a number of the inhabitants, 13 May, 1751 German emigrants arrived at Halifax and were employed in picketing the back of Dartmouth, July 1751 Ferry established between Dartmouth and Halifax, John Connor, ferryman, 3 Feb. 1752 …

Chronological Table of Dartmouth, Preston, and Lawrencetown Read More…

After piecing together several Crown land grant maps, you can see the path of the Old Annapolis Road much more clearly. Open the image in a new tab, to see it in more detail. Below you’ll find a few representations of the road as a contiguous route, as opposed to what is left recorded on the Crown Land Grant maps. (You can find find the individual Crown Land Grant maps here: https://novascotia.ca/natr/land/grantmap.asp) One of the earliest road maps, from 1755. “A New map of Nova Scotia and Cape Britain”, https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089581f An excellent early road map from 1768. “Map of Nova Scotia, or Acadia, with the islands of Cape Breton and St. John’s, from actual surveys” https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53209890m Previous to the construction of the more direct route to Annapolis, this …

Old Annapolis Road Read More…

An examination of the legislated spatial dimensions of Dartmouth – from its initial definition as a township, care of the Royal instructions that accompanied Cornwallis in 1749, to its dissolution by fiat into a county masquerading as a city in Nova Scotia’s municipal coup of 1996. “And whereas for the better security, regulation and government of our said settlement, it will be necessary that such persons as we shall judge proper to send to our said province should be settled in townships; you are therefore hereby authorized and required to appoint such proper persons as you shall find there fully qualified to carry along with you forthwith to survey and mark out the said townships in such manner and at such places as is herein directed, that is …

Body politic, Body corporate; City limits Read More…

A list of all of the acts passed in the Nova Scotia legislature from 1789-1996 in regards to Dartmouth, be it “Dartmouth Town”, the “Dartmouth town plot”, “Dartmouth township”, the “Town of Dartmouth” or the “City of Dartmouth”.

““It is acknowledged, that the Earl of Sterling had made some attempts to settle the Province of Nova Scotia, according to the grant thereof in 1621, and no doubt was at great expence, but being discouraged, about the year 1630, actually sold it to the French, by which unwarrantable proceeding Latour and others possessed themselves of it, and probably facilitated the cessions of it two years after and laid the foundations of all the troubles, the England have since met with, relative to it.” “For the legality of their title the province urges, that Great Britain hath a title to the country prior and superior to any other European state; that the French hath diverse times wrested it from the possession of the English, and the English have …

From John Adams to Boston Patriot, 8 August 1811 Read More…

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