“NOTES TO THE TREATY OF UTRECHT. 1 The text is reprinted from the “ Collection of Treaties between Great Britain and other powers,” published by George Chalmers at London in 1790. In that collection the Treaty of Utrecht is, according to the compiler, “printed from the copy which was published by authority in 1713.” 2 The two dates here given are according to the Old Style and the New Style ; the latter had been adopted by France in 1582, and it was not adopted in England till 1751. 3 For the Charter of the Hudson Bay Company see Ontario …

Documents illustrative of the Canadian constitution More…

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“255. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices. Enclose following. Continue: The Province [of Placentia and Nova Scotia] not being hitherto peopled or settled by H.M. subjects, we did not think it necessary, that either the Commission or Instructions for Col. Philips should be so extensive, as those for H.M. other Governors, in America etc. But for Col. Philips better Government, in addition to these Instructions, we have thought it necessary, that he should have with him, a copy of H.M. Instructions to His Governor of Virginia, which may be of use to him so far as they shall be …

Draught of H.M. Commission to Richard Philips to be Governor of Placentia and Cap. General and Governor in Chief of Nova Scotia or Accadie, June 19 1719 More…

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“The new governor’s commission gave him power to establish the accepted institutions of civil government: a council, a legislative assembly, courts, and a judiciary. It accorded him the power of the civil executive to defend the colony, exercize the king’s prerogative of mercy, administer public funds, make grants and assurances of lands, and establish fairs and markets. Most significantly, Cornwallis’ commission, tested 6 May 1749, gave authority to the governor “with the advice and consent of our said Council and Assembly or the Major part of them respectively . . .” in Nova Scotia to make, constitute and ordain Laws, …

“As Near as May Be Agreeable to the Laws of this Kingdom”: Legal Birthright and Legal Baggage at Chebucto, 1749 More…

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