“Expansion has been from the earliest day the policy of our country…evidence from fathers of the republic”

“WASHINGTON PROGRESSIVE. HE HOPED THAT CANADA WOULD BECOME A PART OF THE UNION—HIS VALLEY FORGE LETTER. “And lastly, another Province (Nova Scotia), which some time ago was very desirous of it, would be added to the Federal Union. It may not be amiss to give Bermuda some consideration, as circumstances in the course of the … Read more

“The history of Kings County, Nova Scotia, heart of the Acadian land”

“Until January, 1757, the Governor and Council ruled alone in Nova Scotia, at that time, after long debate, it was decided that a Representative Assembly should be created, and that there should be elected for the province at large, until counties should be formed, twelve members, besides four for the township of Halifax, two for … Read more

History of Halifax City

“The [Indigenous people] had appeared in the neighborhood of the town for several weeks, but intelligence had been received that they had commenced hostilities, by the capture of twenty persons at Canso… On the last day of September they made an attack on the sawmill at Dartmouth, then under the charge of Major Gilman. Six … Read more

“Opinions…on the subject of [Black] servitude, in the province of Nova-Scotia”

This publication speaks to the legal status of Slavery as it existed in the Maritimes at the turn of the 19th century, having been published in 1802. The seemingly overpowering narrative of Americans as slave-holders and the British as abolitionists isn’t so neat and tidy when one looks into the particulars, as this case in … Read more

View (of Dartmouth) from Fort Needham near Halifax

dartmouth gallery

Dartmouth can be seen to the left, number 8. Parkyns, George. “View from Fort Needham near Halifax.” 1801. Aquatint and etching printed in dark greyish yellowish brown ink, coloured with water colour, on laid paper. Laid down on cardboard. https://www.torontopubliclibrary.ca/detail.jsp?Entt=RDMDC-JRR2149&R=DC-JRR2149

View of Halifax from Davis’s Mill, Dartmouth

dartmouth gallery

Parkyns, George Isham. “View of Halifax from Davis’s Mill, Dartmouth” 1801. Aquatint and etching printed in dark greyish yellowish brown, coloured with water colour, on laid paper. Laid down on cardboard. https://www.torontopubliclibrary.ca/detail.jsp?Entt=RDMDC-JRR2146&R=DC-JRR2146

To his excellency Thomas Jefferson, esqr., President of the Congress, this chart of the United States of America: including Halifax, Havannah [Havana], New Providence, and all the northern parts of the West Indies

dartmouth map

Dartmouth and Indian Town! 😎 If only there was more detail of the settlements themselves. Fascinating to me that the only inset on this map is Halifax Harbor. To me it represents Jefferson’s viewport, reflective of his notes on the State of Virginia that recognizes the cession of Nova Scotia as a proprietary colony in … Read more

Fortifications (in Dartmouth)

Fort Duncan: Shown “dismantled” in Collyers military map of 1808. Commissioner Henry Duncan was at H.M Naval Yard in 1790 and 1793.

Blockhouse: 1750. Dartmouth picketed in, July 1751.

Gun: 1749.

Eastern Battery, Fort Clarence: 1754. Freestone tower there in Jan 1810 & in 1834. Tower removed about 1865, when new works were begun. Fort Clarence reconstructed 1865 to 1868 (Mil. recds). Site sold to Imperial Oil Co, 1927. Known as Eastern Battery in 1786.

“Halifax Fortifications”, 1928. https://archives.novascotia.ca/maps/archives/?ID=1443

Peninsula and harbour of Halifax

Another Toler map, another extremely detailed rendition of the Dartmouth shore from 1808. Skerry’s ferry at Ochterloney is seen as well as Creighton’s Ferry at the bottom of Old Ferry Road. Fort Duncan seen can be seen near where Shore Road meets Lyle Street today. Bridges are seen spanning Portland Street at Maitland, and what would be Pleasant Street just before Old Ferry Road as well as Ochterloney Street as it intersects with the Mill stream, now the Subenacadie River.

“Peninsula and harbour of Halifax”, John G. Toler, 1808. https://archives.novascotia.ca/maps/archives/?ID=257

Toler Map, 1808

dartmouth map 1809 toler

An excellent map from 1808, and one of the only maps to show the location of “Fort Duncan” in Dartmouth (here is another), whatever was left of it would’ve likely been obliterated by the construction of the bridge, which also just happened to bisect Dartmouth’s Common land. 🤔 See also:

The Development of Public Health in Nova Scotia

“Disaster is frequently the parent of legislation. In surveying the long history of Nova Scotia, we find this saying particularly true.” “The first recorded instance of illness in Nova Scotia is the account of Champlain of an outbreak of scurvy at Port Royal in 1606. His group of settlers had spent the winter of 1605 … Read more

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