An Act to divide the County of Halifax into Townships, and to confer certain Municipal Privileges upon the Inhabitants thereof, 1850, c5.


Be it enacted by the Lieutenant-Governor, Council and Assembly, as follows:

I. The Governor in Council shall forthwith appoint Three Commissioners to lay off and subdivide the County of Halifax into Townships of moderate area, having due regard to the relative extent of territory and amount of population to be included within the same, the natural boundaries presented by the indentations of the Sea Coast, the course of Rivers and Inland Waters, the homogenous character of Settlements already formed, and the facilities of communication afforded by Main and Cross Roads.

II. The Commissioners having completed their work, shall within six months after their appointment report their proceedings to the Governor, which Report shall contain the names of the Townships, their Boundaries, the number and names of Settlements to be included therein, with the aggregate amount of Population, as nearly as it can be ascertained in each Township.

III. The Report shall be forthwith published in at least Four of the Halifax Newspapers, and circulated in Hand Bills throughout the County for at least One Month after it shall have been laid before the Governor, and during the Month all Parties who may take exceptions to it shall be heard either by Petition or otherwise, before the Governor in Council, who shall have power to alter or amend it, as may appear meet, after hearing objections made, or evidence, if any, shall be produced before them.

IV. On receipt of the Report so amended or otherwise, with the sanction and approval of the Governor in Council, marked thereon, it shall be the duty of the Commissioners to define the Boundaries of each Township by actual Survey, and to set up Marks in convenient places, by which the same may be generally indicated and known.

V. The Report of the final proceedings of the Commissioners, which shall include the Names and Boundaries of each Township, shall be published in manner as directed with regard to their first Report; and upon the expiration of the Month, the functions of the Commissioners shall determine, and the Rate-payers residing within each Township respectively, shall thenceforth enjoy all the privileges and exercise all the rights in respect of Local Affairs now possessed and exercised by the Freeholders or Inhabitants of other Townships within this Province.

VI. The expenses attending the execution of the Commission shall form a County charge, and be presented, conformed, assessed, levied, and collected, as by Law directed in reference to other Monies raised for County purposes.

VII. In addition to the powers now conferred by Law, the Rate-payers of such Townships at their Town Meetings, on the First Monday of November in every year, shall select a Warden and Four Councillors, who shall be respectively chosen by a majority of Votes, and continue in office until the next Annual Meeting in November, during which time they shall have the general over-sight and care of the Township, and shall possess all the powers now exercised by Justices of the Peace; the Warden to preside at all Township Meetings held during the year after his appointment, including the one at which he shall go out of Office, and to be the Organ of Official Communication with the Representatives of the County and the Executive Government.

VIII. Rate Payers shall at their Annual Meeting in November, elect all Township Officers, whether such as are now appointed by the Sessions, such as are appointed at Town Meetings, or such others as they may consider necessary, and in addition to other powers conferred by Law, may assess themselves for the building of Town Houses, the Support of Schools, the Improvement of Roads and Bridges, the Deepening of Water Courses and Harbors, the Erection of Breakwaters, and generally for any other Public Objects by which the Interests of the habitants may be promoted and advanced.

IX. Over the Funds so raised, the Rate Payers, their Officers and Representatives shall have exclusive Control, and Public Property thereby accumulated, shall vest in the Warden and Councillors for the time being, who shall form a perpetual trust and a Body Corporate, under the name of “The Warden and Councillors for the Township ,” and as such, may have a Common Seal, and sue and be sued.

X. The Warden in each Township shall report the Proceedings, under this Act, at the close of the year, to the Provincial Secretary, for the information of the Legislature.

XI. Immediately upon the appointment of Wardens and Councillors hereunder, all the Powers and Duties of Justices of the Peace for the County of Halifax, shall cease, except in respect of Proceedings already commenced before them, for the final determination and execution of which, their functions shall continue.

XII. In carrying out the Provisions of the Act for the Summary Trial of Actions before Justices of the Peace, the following changes are made:
A Court to be called the Warden’s Court for the Township of shall be held at some central and convenient place in each Township, on the First Monday in every Month, when the Warden and Councillors shall attend and form the Court, and any three of them shall be a quorum.
Parties shall be summoned and bound to appear under Process issued by one or two of such Justices according to the amount of the Claim at the Warden’s Court, the particular place of holding which shall be stated in the Process, and the Court shall determine Suits in the same manner, and shall have like powers in relation thereto, as are now exercised by One or Two Justices of the Peace, and Execution and further Proceedings, shall be had in the name of the Court, and be issued and had by any one or two of the Justices for the Township, for the time being, according to the amount. The Fees for issuing Writs shall be paid to the Justice issuing the same, or where there are two Justices divided equally between them, and the Fees on Judgment shall be divided equally between the Justices present.

XIII. The Warden and Councillors, as respects Criminal Proceedings, and the General Regulation and Management of County Affairs, shall be Justices of the Peace for the whole County, and shall compose the Court of General Sessions of the Peace therefor.

XIV. Nothing herein contained shall extend to the City of Halifax.

An Act for Establishing and Regulating a Militia

This is an enactment, not a law passed by a legislature (which didn’t exist for another five years, and which was quiet as it concerned Dartmouth until the 1780s), though it carried the same authority as such a law since Nova Scotia at the time was governed soley by the Governor and Council.

The Town and Suburbs of Dartmouth“, notable to me as it’s the first record I’ve seen of Dartmouth in law, previous to a record of Dartmouth Township from 1757 and the Royal instructions that accompanied Cornwallis that presumably referred to Halifax and Dartmouth but didn’t specify either (more here), only that two townships were to be created at or near the harbor.


The following Act of this Province for establishing and regulating a Militia, being in the hands of but a few persons; we thought the publishing it at this time of Military watches, might not be unacceptable to our readers.

Province of Nova Scotia.

At a council holden at the Governor’s House in Halifax, on Thursday the 10th Day of May, 1753.


Whereas by His Majesty’s Royal Instructions to his Excellency the Governor of this Province, he is directed to cause a Militia to be established as soon as possible: And whereas the security and preservation of this Province greatly depends upon the said Militia being put into methods, and under such rules as may make the same most useful for the support and defence thereof, and that the inhabitants should be well armed and trained up in the Art Military, as well for the honour and service of his most sacred majesty, and the security of his province, against any violence or invasion whatsoever, as for the preservation of their own lives and fortunes, and that every person may know his duty herein, and he obliged to perform the same:

It is resolved by his Excellency the Governor, by and with the Advice and Consent of His Majesty’s Council of this Province, and by the Authority of the same IT IS ENACTED.

I. That from and after the Twenty Second Day of this instant, all Male persons, planters, inhabitants and their servants, between the ages of sixteen and sixty, residing in and belonging to the Town, Suburbs, or the peninsula of Halifax, the Town and Suburbs of Dartmouth, and the Parts adjacent, shall bear Arms and duly attend all musters and military exercises of their respective companies where they shall be listed or belong, allowing three months time to every son after coming to sixteen years of age, and every servant so long after his time is out, to provide themselves with arms and ammunition.

II. And the Clerk of each company, once a Quarter yearly, shall take an exact List of all Perfons living within the Precincts of such Company, and present the fame to the Captain or chief Officer, on pain of forfeiting Forty Shillings for each Default, to be paid to the Captain or chief Officer to the Use of the Company, and in Case of Non-payment to be levied by Distress and sale of the Offender’s Goods, by Virtue of a Warrant from the Captain or chief Officer, who is hereby impowered to grant the same.

III. That every Person lifted in any Company, shall so continue and attend all Duty in such Company, or otherwise suffer the Penalty by Law provided, until orderly dismissed or removed out of the Town or Precinct of such Company; and in case of Removal into the Precinct of another Company in the fame Town, to produce a Certificate under the Hand of the Captain or chief Officer of the Precinct whereunto he is removed that he is lifted there..

IV. If any Person liable to be listed as aforesaid, do exempt himself by shifting from House to House or Place to Place, to avoid being so lifted, he shall pay as a Fine for every such Offence, to the Use of the Company to which he properly belongs, Ten Shillings, being thereof convicted before any one of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the County of Halifax.

V. That every Militia lifted Soldier and other Householder residing as aforesaid, Shall be always provided with proper and sufficient Fire Arms, consisting of a Musket, Gun, or Fuzil; not less than Three Foot long in the Barrel, two spare Flints, and Twelve Charges of Powder and Ball suitable to their respective Fire Arms, and to the Satisfaction of the Commission Officers of the Company to which he belongs, on Penalty of Forty Shillings for want of such Arms as is hereby required, and Two Shillings for each other defective Appurtenant, and the like Sum for every four Four Weeks he shall so remain unprovided or deficient: The Fine to be paid by Parents for their Sons under Age and under their Command, and by Matters or Heads . of Families for their Domestics and Servants, other than Servants upon Wages; to be levied on the Goods and Chattels of the Offender or Offenders, their parents or Masters, by Warrant under the Hand and Seal of one or more of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the Town and County of Halifax, arid for want of sufficient Distress, such Offender or Offenders to suffer One Month’s Imprisonment and hard Labour.

VI. That Regimental Musters shall be made once in every Six Months, or as often as shall be required by the Governor of Commander in Chief of this Province for the Time being, and every Captain or chief Officer of any Company Regiment, shall be obliged, on Penalty of Five Pounds, to draw forth his Company, or cause them to be drawn forth once every Three Months and no more, to exercise them in Motions, the Use of Arms and Shooting at Marks, or other Military Exercises, which every Person liable to be trained, having three Days Notice thereof, and not appearing and attending the fame, shall, for each Day’s Neglect, pay a Fine of Five Shillings.

VII. That the Commission Officers of any Company, or the major Part of them, may order the correcting and punishing Disorders and Contempt on a Training Day, or on a Watch; the Punishment not being greater than Riding the Wooden Horse, or Five Shillings Fine.

VIII. That there be Military Watches appointed and kept at such Times, in such Places, in such Numbers, and under such Regulations, as the Governor or Commander in Chief of this Province for the Time being shall appoint; and that all Persons able of Body, and that are of Age and not exempted by Law, shall by themselves, or some proper Person in their Stead, to the Satisfaction of the Commanding Officer of the Watch, attend the fame, on Penalty of Ten Shillings for each Defect, there having been due Warning given.

IX. Every Militia Soldier or other Person liable by Law, refusing or neglecting to attend Military Exercises on Training Days, or Military Watches, that shall not pay or have any Estate to be found whereon to levy the Fine, it shall be in the Power of the Captain or chief Officers of such Company, on the next Training Day after such Neglect (he not having satisfied the Clerk) to punish him for such Offence by Riding the Wooden Horse, not exceeding One Hour’s Time; and if such a Delinquent shall absent himself the second Training Day without giving sufficient Reason to the Captain or chief Officer for such Absence, it shall be in the Power of the chief Officer of the Company to direct a Warrant to any of the Constables of the said Town or Suburbs of Halifax, requiring him to apprehend such Delinquent, and bring him into the Field that he may be punished as by this Law is provided; and all Constables are hereby required to execute such Warrants accordingly.

X. That the Persons hereafter named be excepted from all Trainings, viz. The Members of His Majesty’s’ Council, the Secretary, Justices of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, Justices of the Peace, Masters of Art, Ministers, Elders and Deacons of Churches, Provost Marshal, allowed Physicians or Chirurgeons, and Licensed School Matters, all such as have had Commissions and served as Field Officers, or Captains, Lieutenants, or Ensigns, Coroners, Treasurer, Attorney General, Deputies to the Provost Marshal, Clerks of Courts, Constable’s, constant Ferry-Men, and one Miller to each Grift-Mill, Officers employed in and about His Majesty’s Revenues, all Masters of Vessels of Thirty Tuns and upwards usually employed beyond Sea, and constant Herdsmen, Lame Persons or otherwise disabled in Body, producing a Certificate thereof from two able Chirurgeons.’.

XI. That the Persons herein after named be, and hereby are exempted from Military Watches and Warding, viz. The Members of the Council, Secretary, Ministers and Elders of Churches, allowed Physicians and Chirurgeons, Constables, constant Ferry-Men, and one Miller to each Grift-Mill.

XII. That the Captain and Commission Officers of each Company shall and hereby are fully impowered to nominate and appoint proper Persons to serve as Serjeants and Corporals in their respective Companies, and to displace them and appoint others in their Room, as they shall see Occasion.

XIII. That twice every Year, or oftner if required, ‘every Captain or chief Officer of each company shall give Order for a diligent Enquiry into the State of his Company, and for taking an exact List of the Names of his Soldiers and other Inhabitants within the Limits of his Company, and of the Defects of Arms or otherwise, and Names of the defective Persons, that they may be prosecuted as the Law hath provided, and that such Care may be taken as is proper to remedy the fame.

XIV. That if any person who is by Law obliged to provide Arms and Ammunition, cannot purchase the same by such Means as he hath, if he bring to the Clerk of the Company merchantable Provision, or other vendible Goods, so much as by Appraisement of the Clerk and two other Persons mutually chosen shall be judged of greater Value by one Fifth Part than such Arms and Ammunition is of, he thereupon shall be excused from the Penalties for want of Arms and Ammunition until he can be provided, which the said Clerk shall provide as soon as may be by Sale of such Goods, and render the Overplus, if any be; but the Party shall notwithstanding give his personal Attendance upon all Occasions as other Militia Soldiers until he be supplied, and at such Times shall perform any proper Service he may be put upon by the Captain or chief Officer of the Company he belongs to : But if the Person be adjudged unable to buy Arms, or to lay down the Value
proposed

XV. THAT such proper Person as by the Commission Officers of any Company shall be appointed Clerk, and shall refuse to serve, shall pay Forty Shillings Fine, and another be chosen in his Room, and so until one do accept, which Person shall be under Oath for the Faithful Discharge of his Office, to be administered unto him by a Justice of the Peace of the County of Halifax, in the Words following,

YOU do swear truly to perform the Office of Clerk of the Military Company under the Command of A. B. Captain, to the utmost of your Skill and Power, in all Things appertaining to your Office, according to Law. So help you GOD.

And for every Destraint made for any Fine not exceeding Forty Shillings, he shall have one Quarter Part for his Pains and Trouble, and for such Fines he may detrain ex officio, and in such Distress shall observe such Rules as the Law hath provided in other Cafes ; and upon Ten Days Notice shall account with and pay the Captain or chief Officer what Fines he hath receiv’d, his own Part being deducted.

XVI. The chief military Officer of the Regiment, as often as he shall see Cause, shall require the Captain or chief Officer of each Company in his Regiment to meet at such Time and Place as he shall appoint, and there with them to confer and give in charge such Orders as shall by them, or the major part of them be judged meet for the better ordering and settling their several Companies, and for the better promoting of Military Discipline amongst them; and the chief Officer is hereby impowered, by his Warrant directed to any Clerk or Officer of his Regiment, to summon or cause to be brought before them any Offender against this Act, and according to Law to hear and determine all Matters proper for their Cognizance, and to give Sentence, and to grant Mittimus or Warrants of Distress to the Clerk of the Company where the Offence is committed, for executing which Warrant, if above Forty Shillings, he shall have Ten Shillings out of the same for his Pains and Trouble the rein, and no more.

XVII. That no Clerk, ex officio, make Destraint for any Fine until fix Days after the Offence is committed, that so the Party may have Opportunity to make Excuse, if any he hath, why he should not pay the Fine ; and every Clerk that neglects or refuses to account or make Payment as by this Law is provided, he by a Warrant from the chief Officer of the Company, directed to the Constable, may be distrained on for so much as he hath or should have collected or distrained for.

XVIII. That all Officers yield Obedience to the Warrants or Commands of their superior Officers, on Penalty of Five Pounds, to be heard and determined at the next Meeting of the chief Officers and Captains of the Regiment, and the Fine to be taken by Distress and Sale of the Offender’s Goods ( returning the Overplus if any be) by Warrant from the chief Officer of the Regiment, directed to the Clerk of the Company to which each Offender belongs, and to be applied to the Use and Benefit of such Company as the Officers so met shall agree, their Expences being first defrayed out of the fame, not exceeding Twenty Shillings.

XIX. That an Alarm at the Citadel of the Town of Halifax, being made upon such Causes as are agreeable to Instructions to be given by the Governor or Commander in chief for the Time being, to the Officer commanding at the said Citadel, shall be by firing a Beacon at the Summit of the said Citadel-Hill, or such other place as the Governor or Commander in chief for the Time being shall hereafter appoint, and by firing four Guns at the Parade in the Town of Halifax, or at such other Place as the Governor or Commander in chief for the Time being shall appoint, distinctly one after the other, and also by firing four Guns at Georges- Island, distinctly one after the other, and at the Distance of Five Minutes after the Firing of the Four first mentioned Guns at the Parade or such other place as aforesaid, all Persons being called up to Arm, upon which all the trained Officers, Soldiers, and others capable to bear Arms, that are then resident in the said Town, Suburbs, or Peninsula of Halifax, in case the Alarm should be made, shall forthwith appear complete with their Arms and Ammunition according to Law, at such Place or Places of RendezVous as may from Time to Time be appointed by the Governor or Commander in chief for the Time being, there to attend such Commands as shall be given for His Majesty’s Service, and that on the Penalty of Five Pounds, or Three Months Imprisonment. The Members of His Majesty’s Council, Justices, and Provost- Marshal to attend upon his Excellency the Governor, if at Halifax, and in 0ther Places to appear and advise with the chief military Officers of the Place where such Alarm shall be made, and to be assisting in His Majesty’s Service according to their Quality. And if any Person shall willfully make any false Alarm, he shall be fined to His Majesty Fifty Pounds, for Support of the Government, or suffer Twelve Months Imprisonment.


And for the better preventing of false Alarms, Be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That no Captain, Master or Commander of any Ship or Vessel, riding at Anchor or being within the Harbor of Chebucto, or any other Person or Persons whatsoever, either afloat or on shore, within the Town, Suburbs, or Peninsula of Halifax, the Town or Suburbs of Dartmouth, or Places adjacent, shall presume to fire any Guns or Small Arms, or beat any Drum after Sunset, unless on some lawful Occasion, under the Penalty of Forty Shillings for every Gun or Small Arm so fired, or Drum beaten, to be levied by Warrant from any one of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace for the County of Halifax, ( who is hereby empowered to issue the fine and to give Judgment thereupon) by Distress and Sale of the Offender’s Goods, and for want of such Distress to commit such Officer to the Goal, there to remain until Payment be made of the same.

Provided always, That this Clause shall in no wise be construed to extend to any Captain or other Officer of any of His Majesty’s Ships of War, for their firing at setting the Watch, nor to any of His Majesty’s Troops on Shore or on Board in the Execution of their Duty.

XX. That all Persons exempted by this Law from Training, shall notwithstanding be provided with Arms and Ammunition complete, upon the fame Penalty as those that are obliged to Train.

Provided also, And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That nothing in this Act contained be expounded construed, or understood to diminish, alter, or abridge the Power of the Captain General or Commander in Chief tor the Time being, but that in all Things, and upon all Occasions, he may cat as fully and freely as Captain General or Commander in Chief, to all Intents and Purposes, as if this Ad had never been made, any Thing in this Act contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

Provided also, That no Person or Persons whatsoever shall be sued, prosecuted, or his Goods and Chattels liable to any Seizure by Virtue of any Clause in this Act before mentioned, but within the Space of Three Months after the committing the respective Facts hereby made Offences, and not at any time after the said Three Months.

XXI. All Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures arising by Virtue of this Act or any Breach thereof (not otherwise disposed of therein) shall be for the Use of the Regiment or Company respectively wherein the fame doth arise, that is to say for the procuring and repairing Drums, Colours, Banners, Halberts, pay of Drummers, or other Charge of the said Company, and the surplus, (it any be) to be laid out in Arms and Ammunition for a Crown Stock; and be recoverable by Action, Bill, Plaint, or Information in any of His Majesty’s Courts of Record,

And whereas it is intended by His Excellency the Governor forthwith to settle a Township in the Harbour of Merlegash in this Province by the Name Lunenburg, and for the better Security of which a Militia is to be Established there, It is therefore hereby further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, Thar such Militia to be raised shall be deemed, construed, and understood to be to all Intents and Purposes within the Invention and Meaning of this Act, and the Offender or Offenders against the fame shall be subject to all the Pains and Penalties herein continued.

See also:

Militia, Dartmouth Company

Halifax Gazette, January 5-12, 1754. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=4p3FJGzxjgAC&dat=17540105&printsec=frontpage&hl=en, https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=4p3FJGzxjgAC&dat=17540112&printsec=frontpage&hl=en

An Act for Establishing and Regulating a Militia

 

Last Thursday a Law was published here by Command of his Excellency the Governor and his Majesty’s Council of this Province, entitled, An Act for Establishing and Regulating a Militia: Whereby all male persons, Inhabitants, &c. between the Ages of 16 and 60, residing in and belonging to the Town, Suburbs or Peninsula of Halifax, the Town and Suburbs of Dartmouth, &c. shall bear Arms and attend military Exercises, &c. once in three Months, on Penalty of 5 s. fine, or riding the wooden horse. —That every listed Militia soldier and other Householder residing as aforesaid, shall be always provided with good and sufficient Fire Arms, consisting of a Musket, Gun, or Fuzil, not less than Three Foot Long in the Barrel, two spare Flints, and Twelve Charges of Powder and Ball, suitable to their respective Fire Arms, and to the Satisfaction of the Comission Officers, on Penalty of Forty Shillings for want of such Arms as are herteby required, and Two Shillings for each other defective Appurtenant, and the like Sum for every four Weeks he shall remain so unprovided or deficient: The fine to be paid by Parents for their Sons under Age and under their Command, and by Masters or Heads of Families for their Domesticks and Servants, other than Servants upon Wages. —

The time fix’d for the Inhabitants, &c. to be provided with Arms and Ammunition, is Tuesday next the 22nd instant.

Halifax Gazette, May 19, 1753. Page 2, Column 2. https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=4p3FJGzxjgAC&dat=17530519&printsec=frontpage&hl=en

An Act to encourage the building of a Bridge across the Harbour of Halifax, 1796 c7

Preamble:

WHEREAS the building of a bridge across the harbour of Halifax, would greatly facilitate the Preamble communication of the settlements in the eastern parts of the Province, with the town of Halifax and whereas, Jonathan Tremain, Esquire, and others, have proposed to raise, by private subscription, a sufficient sum of money, for the purpose of building a bridge of boats, or other practical structure, across the said harbour and have prayed the aid of the Legislature of this Province, to enable them to carry into effect this intention: powered to grant Governor im letters patent to incorporate nathan Tremain, and others, by the name of The Halifax Bridge Company, for ninety-nine years

Govenor impowered to grant letters patent to incorporate Jonathon Tremain, and others, by the name of The Halifax Bridge Company, for ninety-nine years:

I. Be it enacted, by the Lieutenant-Governor, Council and Assembly, That it shall and may be lawful for the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Commander in Chief for the time being, by letters patent, under the great seal of this Province, to incorporate Jonathan Tremain, Efq. and all and every person and persons, who, in their own right, or as executors, administrators, or assigns, for the original proprietors, at any time or times hereafter, shall have, and be entitled to, any part, share or interest, in the said bridge, so long as they shall respectively have any such part, share or interest, therein, to be one body, politick and corporate, in deed and in name, by the name of The Halifax Bridge Company, and by that name to have a succession, to continue for the term of ninety-nine years, and to have a common seal, with power, from time to time, to chuse their president, vice-president, and other officers, in such manner, and under such qualifications, with regard to the electors, and elected, as fhall be directed in such letters patent: the first president, vice-president, and other officers, being qualified in the like manner, as all subsequent president, vice-president and officers, shall, by the said letters patent, be directed to be qualified, and to continue in their refpective offices for such space of time, as, by the said letters patent, shall be limited and directed.

Company impowered to make bye laws:

II. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful for the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Commander in Chief for the time being, by the said letters patent of incorporation, to impower the said company to make bye laws, from time to time, as well for the management and direction of the building and repairing the said bridge, as for the regulation and government of the said company, and for the government of the servants and others who may be employed by the said company .

And to raise a capital stock in shares of twenty five pounds each:

III. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be lawful for the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Commander in Chief for the time being, by the said-letter’s patent, to empower the said company, by a voluntary subscription, to raise a sufficient sum of money, in shares of twenty-five pounds each which sum, when so raised, shall be the capital stock of the said. company and to direct how the property of the persons subscribing and holding shares may be ascertained, transferred and alienated.

The Company to make calls, for payment of the subscriptions. And to fix the times and proportions. And to sell the shares of those who refuse or neglect to pay:

IV. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be lawful for the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or Commander in Chief for the time being, by the said letters patent, to impower the said company, or such part thereof, as, in the said letters patent, shall be named for that purpose, to make calls, and direct the payment of any part of the said subscriptions, which any person or persons shall subscribe, towards carrying on the said undertaking, at such times, and in such proportions, and to such person or persons, as the said company, or such part thereof, as shall be for that purpose named, shall direct and appoint: And that all payments be pursuant to the directions of a general meeting of the said company, to be assembled for that purpose, or of a majority of those present at such meeting. And if any person or persons shall refuse, or neglect, to pay any money which shall be-so called for by the said company, at the time when the fame shall be appointed to be paid, it shall be shares of those lawful for the said company to fell and transfer such share or shares of the person or persons so refusing or neglecting, as shall be requisite for raising the sum which such person or persons ought to have paid; and the purchaser of any share or shares, so fold, shall be liable to advance and pay therefor, to the said company, as much money as will be sufficient to answer the call aforesaid, and to reimburse to the person or persons, whose share or shares shall be so sold, in proportion to the then value of such share or shares, whatever sum or sums the former proprietor or proprietors shall have advanced and paid thereon.

Company impowered to erect a bridge across Halifax Harbour. And to occupy the waters and lands, from high water mark on each side for 99 years:

V. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful for the said company, to erect, maintain and keep, a bridge across the harbour of Halifax, to commence from, or near to, the Black Rock, on the eastern fide of said harbour, and to terminate on the opposite or western shore of said harbour, to the north of the Navy Hospitals. And that the said company shall, and may, occupy, possess and enjoy, during the said term of ninety nine years, all the waters, and lands covered with water, from high water mark, on the eastern fide, to high water mark, on the western fide. of said harbour, whereon, or over which, said company shall erect such bridge.

A draw bridge to be constructed for the passage of vessels, &c:

VI. Provided always, and be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the said company shall to be constructed be obliged to construct, and keep, in the most convenient situation, at least, one draw bridge, for the passage of of sufficient width to admit of the passing and repassing of ships, vessels or boats, which draw bridge shall, from time to time, as occasion may require, be raised up, or drawn, for the passage of any ship, vessel, raft or boat, passing up or down the said harbour, upon any lawful business.

Company impowered to establish a toll for 99 years. And from time to time alter the toll. Seven days notice to be given, before any toll is established or altered:

VII. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That for an encouragement to such persons as shall become subscribers to the said sum to be raised for building the said bridge, and to indemnify and recompense them for the great costs and charges of the said undertaking, it shall be lawful for the said company at any time or times during the said term of ninety nine years, to set, establish, demand and receive, a reasonable toll or tolls for all persons, horses cattle, sheep, carts, waggons, trucks, coaches, chaises or carriages, of any kind, passing or repassing over the said bridge, which toll or tolls the said company may, from time to time, and at any time during the said term, alter and change: Provided such alteration and change be pursuant to the directions of a general meeting of the said company, to be assembled for that purpose, or
of a majority of those who shall be present at such general meeting. And provided also, That a notification of the several toll or tolls, so set. and established, altered and changed, be publicly posted, or fixed, upon some post or posts at each end of the said bridge for general inspection, and that such notification remain so publicly affixed, or set up, for at least seven days before any establishment, alteration or change of any toll or tolls, shall take place.

Company impowered to erect toll gates:

VIII. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That, in order to secure the due payment of the said tolls, it shall be lawful for the said company to erect toll bars, or toll gates, at both, or either, of the ends of the said bridge, and to appoint and impower one or more person or persons to demand and take at the toll bars, or toll gates, so to be erected, the respective toll or tolls to be established or set, altered or changed as aforesaid, before any persons, horses, cattle, sheep, carts, wagons, trucks, coaches, chaises, or carriages of any kind, shall be permitted to pass through such toll bars, or toll gates.

Property of the bridge, &c. vested in the company for 99 years. Then to become the property of the public:

IX. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the property of the said bridge, and the landings and abutments of the same, shall be vested and remain in the said company during the said term of ninety-nine years, and that from and after the expiration or determination of the said term, all the right, title and claim, of the said company in and to the said bridge, and the landings and abutments thereof, shall cease and determine, and the same shall henceforth be, and for ever remain, the property of the public.

Bridge to be erected within ten years, or the provisions of this Act to remain without effect:

X. Provided always, and be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That, unless the said company shall erect a good and sufficient bridge for the passage of men, horses, carts, wagons, and carriages of all kinds, loaded or unloaded, within the term of ten years, to be computed from the end of this present sessions of the General Assembly, the several provisions of this Act, and the encouragement therein granted to the said company, shall cease, determine, and remain without effect.

An Act to encourage the building of a Bridge across the Harbour of Halifax, 1796 c7.

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