State-Local Relations

“The states created their own governing structures. As in other states, Michigan’s constitution and laws formed the local levels of government (nothing in the U.S. Constitution prescribes such entities as K–12 school districts, counties, townships, cities, villages, and authorities), and they have only the powers conferred upon them by the state. Local government clearly is a creature of state government.”

Published in American Journal of Public Health | M. Luginbuhl | 1947,,