Annexation or Amalgamation?

Whats’ the difference between an annexation, an amalgamation, and a municipal coup?

Municipal annexation is when a municipality expands its boundaries into adjacent areas not already incorporated into a municipality. This means there would be no pre-existing city or town with mayor, no “government” to displace. This is achieved and evidenced as consented to with a plebiscite of the residents. Like Dartmouth with Westphal. This has been a common response of cities to urbanization in neighboring areas. A vote of confidence in a growing city.

A merger, consolidation, or a city county merger – sometimes referred to as an amalgamation – is the combination of two or more municipalities (cities, towns, counties) into one administrative entity, displacing the pre-existing governmental structure. This is achieved and evidenced as consented to with a plebiscite. Like New York City, with its boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, Staten Island and The Bronx. A show of unity and strength through democracy.

A municipal coup – sometimes referred to as amalgamation – is the combination of two or more municipalities (cities, towns, counties) into one administrative entity, displacing the pre-existing governmental structure without consent, without plebiscite; while at the same time, clawing back rights and democratic representative institutions extra-judiciously. Usually proceeds without even a non-binding plebiscite. Like the dissolution of Dartmouth, Halifax, and Sydney, associated towns, and their health, education, transport and other powers by the Province of Nova Scotia. Unilateral, dictatorial, sociopathic state action.