An incredibly detailed map with a lot of text, again showing Chibouctou on the Dartmouth side, along with some crops. Perhaps this is the “1/2 acre of improved land” that de Gargas noted in his 1687-1688 census of Acadie (including Chibouctou). “Carte de la coste de l’Acadie” La Borde, Jean-Benjamin de. 17?? https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089980h

A recognizable Halifax peninsula on this map, McNabs, George’s Lawlors and Devil’s island all properly represented, as well as a portage to Windsor. “Carte de l’Accadie”, Chabert, Joseph-Bernard de. 1746. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089771s

This map shows the Shubenacadie River as the Chibouctou River, a few other features are discernible, including McNabs Island and George’s Island. A rough idea of the different features represented, as they are known today. “Carte de l’Acadie” 1708. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b530900430

One of the only maps I’ve seen that shows what is a political division, “Dartmouth Parish”, I believe this is a reference to it being a bishopric. From Coke Upon Littleton: “…the ancient towns called boroughs are the most ancient towns in England; and from these towns come the burgesses of parliament, when the king has summoned his parliament. Every borough incorporate that had a bishop within time of memory, is a city, albeit the bishopric be dissolved…It is not necessary that a city be a county of itself; as Cambridge, Ely, Westminster &c. are cities, but are no counties of themselves, but are part of the counties where they are” Some interesting features are included, including the Ferryhouse located at the bottom of Old Ferry Road, the …

Dartmouth Parish (The Harbour of Halifax) Read More…

A fairly accurate early map of Nova Scotia from some time previous to the founding of Halifax. Chibouctou is shown on the Dartmouth side of the harbor, opposite McNabs Island and Geroge’s Island. Shubenacadie River is seen to the north of the settlement. I haven’t found any substantial confirmation that the Dartmouth side is where the settlement known as Chibouctou was actually located, but there are a number of maps (even if they might be derivative). More about Chibouctou: “Carte particulière de la coste d’Accadie” 16?? (<1700) https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089778x

Baye d Chibouctou, later Halifax Harbor. McNabs Island can be seen in the middle of the harbor with George’s Island north, and to the north east is Sault aux saumone, or salmon jump – Dartmouth cove, and the Shubenacadie River. “Carte de la côte Sud de l’Acadie” 16?? (<1700) https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089646d

A (probably very) rough translation: “The English took possession of Chibouctou on the 19th of August 1749 and named it Halifax. It is one of the most beautiful ports in all parts of Acadia and England. It should provide great income, by the different advantages that it contains. It is located at 44 degrees 3 minutes latitude.” This map is an inset from a broader map of Nova Scotia (Acadia), interestingly it shows the picketed part of Dartmouth as being near the bottom of what would be Old Ferry Road today, it appears the Eastern battery is seen closer to Eastern Passage. “Carte réduite des costes de l’Acadie” 17?? (>1749) https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089777g

“F: Village Dartmouth ou monte un bivac de 60 homes “Bivac“: “Term borrowed from German. Extraordinary guard which is made at night in the open air for the safety of a camp, a detachment, a post. Sleep at the bivac.” Rough translation: Dartmouth village, a camp made up of 60 men. “Plan de la baye et des ports de Chibouctou” 1751. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b53089566v

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