Bottom-up vs. Top-down decision making

Bottom-up vs. Top-down decision making, podcast (7:35)

“In earlier eras, in the 18th century before we had large Federal investments to make, a lot of communities made very sensible infrastructure decisions based on what they actually could afford, and frequently they were more communal … in fact, I think there would be a lot of benefit to go back to a much more localized system that did not always just depend on large amounts of money from the federal government in order to make it work”

“Ecosystem services – great at cleaning water, we build water purification plants. Are there natural means, a more sophisticated way of utilizing naturalized processes instead of always thinking it has to be a hard infrastructure solution”.

“We have to resist this kind of either or polarization and recognize we have a much more nuanced set of tools to rely upon now”